E-ISSN 2146-9369 | ISSN 2146-3158
 

Research Article


Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018

Lynette Joy Lennox, Jenny Heretini.

Abstract
Aim:
To document retrospectively whether New Zealand (NZ) Māori have a higher incidence of health associated (HA)staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) with a vascular-access-device (VAD) compared to other ethnicities in Waikato District Health Board (WDHB).
Methods:
From the 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2018, all ages of inpatients with a VAD HA-SAB in one District Health Board (DHB) were retrospectively studied. All data was obtained from the Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) SAB records and analysed.
Results:
The study period of eleven years identified 311 VAD HA-SABs. The overall statistical hypothesis testing of VAD HA-SABs were P=0.175. A greater proportion of VAD HA-SABs occurred in the renal population at a rate of 35.7% (111). Renal representation of ethnic groups with a VAD HA-SAB were Non-NZ Māori 52.86% and Māori 47.14%. Peripheral VAD had greater percentage of incidence of VAD HA-SAB.
Conclusions:
Māori renal patients with VAD’s in WDHB experienced increased incidence of HA-SABs from 2008-2018 in comparison to other ethnic populations. Māori renal patients are 3 ½ times more likely to suffer VAD HA-SAB than Non-Māori patients. NZ data for VAD HA-SABS requires IPC teams to include ethnicity and provide a standardised, correct diagnosis of a VAD HA-SABS. NZ health strategies need to ask well directed questions in order to progress toward equitable health outcomes.

Key words: Vascular access device, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacteraemia, Indigenous, Māori.


 
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Pubmed Style

Lennox LJ, Heretini J. Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. J Microbiol Infect Dis. 2023; 13(2): 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1


Web Style

Lennox LJ, Heretini J. Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. https://www.jmidonline.org/?mno=302657407 [Access: February 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Lennox LJ, Heretini J. Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. J Microbiol Infect Dis. 2023; 13(2): 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Lennox LJ, Heretini J. Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. J Microbiol Infect Dis. (2023), [cited February 03, 2024]; 13(2): 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1



Harvard Style

Lennox, L. J. & Heretini, . J. (2023) Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. J Microbiol Infect Dis, 13 (2), 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1



Turabian Style

Lennox, Lynette Joy, and Jenny Heretini. 2023. Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 13 (2), 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1



Chicago Style

Lennox, Lynette Joy, and Jenny Heretini. "Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018." Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 13 (2023), 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Lennox, Lynette Joy, and Jenny Heretini. "Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018." Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 13.2 (2023), 47-52. Print. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Lennox, L. J. & Heretini, . J. (2023) Retrospective study of 311 cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia with vascular access devices compared to ethnicity: Incidence in Waikato New Zealand from 2008-2018. Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 13 (2), 47-52. doi:10.5455/JMID.2023.v13.i2.1